Articles related to the diagnosis, treatment and management of syncope, which form the background for F2 Solutions' algorithms and are the source of all content in the HELP messages in the login section of this website.

Lund E, Sanders N, Brignole M, Hamdan M. Cost Analysis of the Faint and Fall Clinic: A New Mode in Health-care Delivery. The Journal of Innovations in Cardiac Rhythm Management. 2013; 4: 1258-1263

Sanders N, Jetter T, Brignole M, Hamdan M. Standardized Care Pathway Versus Conventional Approach in the Management of Patients Presenting with Faint at the University of Utah. PACE 2013; 36: 152-162

Brignole M, Hamdan MH New concepts in the assessment of syncope. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012; 59, 1583-1591.

Daccarett M, Jetter TL, Wasmund SL, Brignole M, Hamdan MH: Syncope in the emergency department: comparison of standardized admission criteria with clinical practice. Europace. 2011; 13, 1632–1638

Brignole M, Malasana GR, Sherwood RP, Daccarett M, Jetter TL, and Hamdan MH: Evaluation of patients with “Faint” in an American teaching hospital: A dire need for a standardized approach. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2011; 34, 284–290.

Malasana GR, Brignole M, Daccarett M, Sherwood RP, and Hamdan MH: The prevalence and cost of the faint and fall problem in the state of Utah. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2011; 34, 278-283.

Hamdan MH, Joglar JA, Page RL, Zagrodzky JD, Sheehan CJ, Wasmund SL, Smith ML: Baroreflex gain correlates with blood pressure recovery during simulated ventricular tachycardia in humans. Circulation 1999; 100(4), 381-6.

Hamdan MH, Zagrodzky JD, Page RL, Wasmund SL, Sheehan CJ, Adamson MM, Joglar JA, Smith ML: Effect of P-wave timing during supraventricular tachycardia on the hemodynamic and sympathetic neural response. Circulation 2001; 103(1), 96-101.

Takata TS, Wasmund SL, Smith ML, Li JM, Joglar JA, Banks K, Kowal RC, Page RL, Hamdan MH: Serotonin reuptake inhibitor (Paxil) does not prevent the vasovagal reaction associated with carotid sinus massage and/or lower body negative pressure in healthy volunteers. Circulation 2002; 106(12), 1500-4.

Brignole M, Alboni P, Benditt D, Bergfeldt L, Blanc JJ, Bloch Thomsen PE, van Dijk JG, Fitzpatrick A, Hohnloser S, Janousek J, Kapoor W, Kenny RA, Kulakowski P, Moya A, Raviele A, Sutton R, Theodorakis G, Wieling W: Guidelines on management (diagnosis and treatment) of syncope. Eur Heart J 2001; 22:1256-1306.

Brignole M, Alboni P, Benditt D, Bergfeldt L, Blanc JJ, Thomsen PE, Gert van Dijk J, Fitzpatrick A, Hohnloser S, Janousek J, Kapoor W, Kenny RA, Kulakowski P, Masotti G, Moya A, Raviele A, Sutton R, Theodorakis G, Ungar A, Wieling W, Priori SG, Garcia MA, Budaj A, Cowie M, Deckers J, Burgos EF, Lekakis J, Lindhal B, Mazzotta G, Morais J, Oto A, Smiseth O, Menozzi C, Ector H, Vardas P: Guidelines on management (diagnosis and treatment) of syncope – Update 2004 - Executive summary and recommendations. Eur Heart J 2004; 25: 2054-72.

Moya A, Sutton R, Ammirati F, Blanc JJ, Brignole M, Dahm JB, Deharo JC, Gajek J, Gjesdal K, Krahn A, Massin M, Pepi M, Pezawas T, Granell RR, Sarasin F, Ungar A, van Dijk JG, Walma EP, Wieling W, Abe H, Benditt DG, Decker WW, Grubb BP, Kaufmann H, Morillo C, Olshansky B, Parry SW, Sheldon R, Shen WK: Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope (Version 2009). Eur Heart J 2009; 30, 2631–2671.

Brignole M, Vardas P, Hoffman E, Huikuri H, Moya A, Ricci R, sulke N, Wieling W: EHRA Position Paper. Indications for the use of diagnostic implantable and external ECG loop recorders. Europace 2009;11: 671-687.

Brignole M, Menozzi C, Bartoletti A, Giada F, Lagi A, Ungar A, Ponassi I, Mussi C, Maggi R, Re G, Furlan R, Rovelli G, Ponzi P, Scivales A.: A new management of syncope: prospective systematic guideline-based evaluation of patients referred urgently to general hospitals. Eur Heart J 2006;27:76-82.

Brignole M, Ungar A, Bartoletti A, Ponassi I, Lagi A, Mussi C, Ribani MA, Tava G, Disertori M, Quartieri F, Alboni P, Raviele A, Ammirati F, Scivales A, De Santo T: Standardized care pathway versus usual management of syncope referred in emergency to general hospitals (EGSYS 2). Europace 2006;8:644-650.

Brignole M, Ungar A, Casagranda I, Gulizia M, Lunati M, Ammirati F, Del Rosso A, Sasdelli M, Santini M, Maggi R, Vitale E, Morrione A, Francese GM, Vecchi MR, Giada F; Syncope Unit Project (SUP) investigators: Prospective multicentre systematic guideline-based management of patients referred to the Syncope Units of general hospital. Europace 2010; 12: 109–118.

Del Rosso A, Ungar A, Maggi R, Giada F, Petix NR, De Santo T, Menozzi C, Brignole M: Clinical predictors of cardiac syncope at initial evaluation in patients referred urgently to general hospital: the EGSYS score. Heart 2008 Dec:94(12):1620-1626.

Brignole M, Blanc JJ, Sutton R, Moya A. Syncope In: Camm J et al Eds. The ESC Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. Chapter 26: pages 955-982